Access To Land

Grusse municipality collective land ownership scheme

In French Jura, the Grusse municipality decided to create a collective ownership structure to stop the splitting up and abandonment of farmland.

Municipal land was composed of over 1500 plots, most of which averaged only 0,15 to 0,2 ha and were thus impossible to farm. The municipality proposed landowners to create a collective ownership structure (groupement foncier agricole or GFA). Landowners entrust their land to the GFA, in exchange for shares of an equivalent value. The GFA, which has about 50 individual shareholders, now owns about 80 ha. It is directly managed by the municipality.

The establishment of the collective ownershop structure (GFA) has made it possible to establish 4 farmers (passing from 1 to 5 farmers in the village) and to rent additional lands to a cow breeder, enhancing local economic and social vitality.

There are now 5 (organic and conventional) farmers: a vegetable grower, a snail breeder, a wine grower, a fruit farmer, and a cow breeder. The vegetable grower sells 90% of its products through direct marketing (farm shop, local market, box scheme) as well as to the local restaurant and local shop.

Other activities related to the collective land ownership scheme include:
* cooperation between farmers for equipments, marketing, etc.
* social activities,
* crafts

Scope of the initiative:: Single farm or site ; Regional ; National ; Local ; International

Types of activities: Land stewardship ; Support for farmers ; Policy/ advocacy ; Ethical finance ; Land acquisition/ ownership ; Public education ; Farming ; Awareness raising ; New entrants

Types of agriculture: CSA, AMAP, consumers co-operative ; Local supply chains ; Organic ; Peasant ; Biodynamic

Types of agricultural activities: Agriculture (plants) ; Mixed farming ; Breeding (animals)

Types of landowners: Other Land Trusts ; Ethical companies ; Other non-profit organisations ; Churches ; Public owners ; Private owners ; Commons ; Other ; Community Farm Land Trusts

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