The International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ICARRD) in Porto Alegre 7-10 March 2006 was organized jointly by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation and the Government of Brazil to explore new development opportunities to revitalize rural communities worldwide.
The ICARRD also highlights the importance of agrarian reform for the realization of basic human rights. The final declaration of the conference stresses the prominent role of agrarian reforms to combat hunger, the need for a sustainable development model and the implementation of human rights. It adopts a participatory approach based on economic, social and cultural rights for the equitable management of land, water, forest and other natural resources particularly for women, marginalized and vulnerable groups. Especially in areas with strong social disparities, poverty and hunger, agrarian reform should broaden and secure access to, and control over, land and other resources. States should have a crucial role in the implementation of agrarian reform.